Service Nissan Sunny with 1991 on 1997 of release in a body n-14.
1. The maintenance instruction
2. Maintenance service
3. Engines
4. Cooling system
5. Heating and ventilation system
6. Fuel and an exhaust system
7. System of start-up of the engine
8. Coupling
9. Transmissions
10. Semiaxes
11. Brakes
12. Suspension brackets and a steering
13. A body
14. An electric equipment
14.1. Specifications
14.2. Detection of malfunctions
14.2.1. Chain rupture
14.2.2. Short circuit
14.2.3. Check of reliability of grounding
14.3. Safety locks and the relay
14.4. Switches
14.5. Lamps of external illumination
14.6. Lamps of internal illumination
14.7. Devices of external illumination
14.8. Adjustment of headlights
14.9. The panel of devices
14.10. A sound signal
14.11. A cable of a drive of a speedometer
14.12. The lever of brushes of a screen wiper
14.13. The electric drive of a cleaner of a windscreen
14.14. The electric drive of a cleaner of back glass
14.15. Details of screen wipers
14.16. A radio tape recorder
14.17. Dynamics
14.18. The aerial
14.19. Pillows of system of safety
14.20. Electric equipment schemes



14.2.3. Check of reliability of grounding

The negative plug of the accumulator is connected to (weight) of the car – to metal of the engine / of a transmission and a car body – and the majority of systems of an electric equipment are developed so that one feeding wire approached to an electric equipment element only, and the current came back through metal of a body of the car.

It means that fastening of an element of an electric equipment and a car body are a part of an electric chain.

Therefore, the bad or oxidised fastening can be at the bottom of a great number of malfunctions in electric equipment system, from a full exit of a chain out of operation before its unreliable work.

In particular, bulbs can burn dimly (especially if other chain using the same grounding) is included, engines (for example, engines of screen wipers or the fan of cooling of a radiator) can slowly work and inclusion of any chain can influence work of other chain.

Notice that on many cars connecting earthing strips between various units of the car are used, for example, between the engine / a transmission and a body, usually when between elements there is no metal contact because of use of rubber fastenings etc.

1. Disconnect the accumulator and connect one of щупов an ohmmeter to (weight) of the car.
2. Connect the second щуп to a wire or a point of grounding which is necessary for checking up. The resistance registered by an ohmmeter, should equal to zero; if is not present, check up connection as follows.
3. If you consider that connection is not perfectly in order, disassemble connection and smooth out to pure metal a contact surface and the plug of a wire or a surface of an earthed element.
4. Remove completely a dirt and corrosion traces, then, by means of a knife remove a paint coat to receive reliable connection of metal with metal.
5. At assemblage, reliably fix connection; at installation of the plug of a wire, use gear washers between the plug and a body.
6. After connection, for prevention of formation of corrosion put on connection a layer of vaseline or silicone greasing or process its hermetic, such, as (Holts Damp Start) or water-repellent greasing, such, as (Holts Wet Start).

14.2.2. Short circuit

14.3. Safety locks and the relay